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Music Therapy: Citing Sources

Resources for Music Therapy Students

APA citation and Style Guides

Quick examples of APA citation style:

Kahn, A. (2000). Kind of Blue. New York: Da Capo.

Anthology/Book Collection:
Burkholder, P. J., & Palisca, C. V. (Eds.). (2006). Norton Anthology of Western Music (5th ed., Vol. 1). New York: W. W. Norton & Company.

Journal Article from an Online Database:
Takahashi, T. (2006, Winter). Long-Term Effects of Music Therapy on Elderly with Dementia. Journal of Music Therapy, 43(4), 317-333. Retrieved August 16, 2007, from International Index to Music Periodicals database. (00507167)

Run-D.M.C. (1986). Walk this way. On Raising hell [CD]. New York: Profile.

Moretti, E. & Alvi, S. (Producers). (2008). Heavy metal in Baghdad [DVD]. New York: Arts Alliance America.

Website sources:
Powers, A. (2011, August 11). Country’s New Guard Gets Back to Basics. National Public Radio. Retrieved from

How to Cite Your Sources


Citation management software is useful for organizing  references and creating bibliographies. There are many citation management programs available, each with its own strengths. Many are available free or at a small cost including EndNote,Zotero, and Mendeley
The citation needs of many undergraduate students may be met by using free citation generators, such as  EasyBibBibMe, andNoodleTools Express.