Skip to Main Content

Music History: Citing Sources

A research and resource guide for exploring topics related to music history, including the Western Classical tradition, jazz and popular music.

APA citation and Style Guides

Quick examples of Chicago/Turabian citation style:


Kahn, Ashley. Kind of Blue. New York: Da Capo, 2000.

Anthology/Book Collection:
Burkholder, J. Peter, and Claude V. Palisca, eds. Norton Anthology of Western Music. 5th ed. Vol. 1. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 2006.

Journal Article from an Online Database:
Takahashi, Takiko. "Long-Term Effects of Music Therapy on Elderly with Moderate/Severe Dementia." Journal of Music Therapy 43, no. 4 (2006): 317-317-333.

Run-D.M.C. “Walk this way.” Raising hell. Profile, PCD-1217. Compact disc.

Acrassicauda. Heavy metal in Baghdad, DVD. Directed by Eddy Moretti and Suroosh Alvi. New York: Arts Alliance America, 2008.

Website sources:Powers, Ann. “Country’s New Guard Gets Back to Basics.” National Public Radio, August 11, 2011. (accessed August 17, 2011)

Additional Sources and Tools for Citation


Citation management software is useful for organizing  references and creating bibliographies. There are many citation programs available, each with its own strengths. Many are available free or at a small cost including EndNoteZotero, and Mendeley
Students may also consider using a free citation generator, if a citation button is hard to find or you'd prefer to look up citations by title or DOI. Popular generators are BibGuru and EasyBib.